The Khirki Masjid

The open courtyards give rise to an elegant play of light and shade as one walks through the bays.
The open courtyards give rise to an elegant play of light and shade as one walks through the bays.

Constructed around 1375 AD, during the reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq, the Khirki Masjid is one of the very few covered medieval mosques of the country. It is said to be one of the seven mosques built by the Sultan’s prime minister, Khan-i-Jahan Tilangani. The mosque is square in plan, 15 bays wide each way and covered by a partially domed and partially flat roof. The roof is punctured by four symmetrically placed, open to sky courtyards. A series of windows pierce the exterior walls on three sides, at the end of each bay, probably giving the mosque it’s name. (Khirki=Window)

The facade of the projecting entrances resemble most of the other Tughlaq mosques built during this period, with the narrow tapering minarets characteristic of the Tughlaq period.
The facade of the projecting entrances resemble most of the other Tughlaq mosques built during this period, with the narrow tapering minarets characteristic of the Tughlaq period.
Each of the square courtyards measure three bays each way. These courtyards served the important function of illumination and ventilation in this covered mosque.
Each of the square courtyards measure three bays each way. These courtyards served the important function of illumination and ventilation in this covered mosque.
The mosque is raised to a considerable height above the ground.
The mosque is raised to a considerable height above the ground.
The heavy sloping corner towers are characteristic of the Tughlaq period.
The heavy sloping corner towers are characteristic of the Tughlaq period.
A part of the North East corner of the mosque has collapsed.
A part of the North East corner of the mosque has collapsed.
The interior bays divide the entire mosque into a square 15 bay grid, with four square courtyards each three bays wide.
The interior bays divide the entire mosque into a square 15 bay grid, with four square courtyards each three bays wide.


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