The Tomb of Ghiyas ud din Balban (1287 AD), situated within what is now known as the Mehrauli Archaeological Park, occupies a position of immense importance in the evolution of architecture in India. It was in this structure, that for the first time, true arches were employed in the spanning of openings. All Islamic buildings built before this tomb contain ‘false’ corbeled arches.
The tomb itself is square in plan, with the walls translated into an octagon through squinches at a higher level. There may have been a true dome, the first of it’s kind in the subcontinent, capping the tomb, but only ruined vestiges remain today. The grave sits at the geometric centre of the structure.
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